Cardio Vascular Diseases (CVD)
All known diseases involving the heart or blood vessels are combined with the idea of Cardio Vascular Disease (CVD). Often Heart atacks, who are often connected to CVD result in a process called atherosclerosis. This process means a substance called plague builds up in the walls of the arteries. Through the plague the inside of arteries gets smaller, hindering the blood flow to get through. Once a blood clot is coming up it could lead to a stop in blood flow, resulting a heart atack or stroke.
Atherosclerosis may be caused by high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, obesity, high cholesterol and abusive alcohol consumption, among others. About 90% of CVD is preventable according to estimation. Preventing methods such as healthy eating, exercise, avoiding smoking and appropriate alcohol consume can decrease the risk of atherosclerosis.
CVD is the leading cause of death globally, except Africa. Empirical data found correlations that rates of death by Cardio Vascular Diseases are higher in the global south, then in the global north.
To read more about Strokes see our Neuro Vascular section.
Types of Cardio Vascular Disease
Heart failure: This rather means a not proper working heart instead of a total blackout. The heart keeps working, but it is not able to satisfy the body’s need for blood and oxygen. If untreated a heart failure can be even worse and lead to serious implication.
Arrhythmia: The rhythm of the heart is abnormal. Abnormal means the heart beat is too slow, too fast or irregularly. If less then 60 beats per minute medicine talks about bradycardia. If over 100 beats per minute we face Tachycardia. See further information on CVD